I would like to share some information about staircases.
Staircases –  the most important but not the only one element of  the building which enable moving between different floors.
The oldest wooden stairs around the world are located in Austria in Hallstatt town – local salt mine.
They are about 7000 years old . Archeologists found things from the iron period under them.

In ancient and middle ages staircases were used only for practical reasons. Only outside steps were made of stone. Despite simple construction was decorated with architectural element stressing the range of building (stairs leading to the temple or the castle). Since the period of the Renaissance more decorative forms of stairs had been introduced. Stairs are not the only element of the vertical communication. Ramps are also used as an alternative ( similar construction to stairs but without steps ) as well as different kinds of lifts and moving stairs.


A Print of Johan Carl Schultz from 1857 shows interior which was situated In Gdansk on Heilige –Geist –Gasse Street. The print’s main topic as well as the most important part of the interior are magnificent, carved in oak, winding stairs from the beginning  of 18th century.
Two halberdiers guard the entrance. Spiral column-forming axis of winding stairs- reposes on the shoulders of the little boy, probably Pigmy.

There were many more similar examples of wood carving masterwork staircases in Gdansk around mid- 19th century.

With the passing of time those stairs were bought and carried away from Gdansk or they were destroyed. Above mentioned stairs were first found in Krzeszowice ( The Potocki Palace )and later they found their right place in Krakow ( Collegium Maius).


Spanish Steps

Rococo Spanish steps  are placed in Rome near the Piazza di Spagna. They were designed by the architect Francesco de Sanctis. The assembly was finished in 1726. They have 137 steps. The Trinita dei Monti  Church is on the top of these very stairs.
The stairs as well as the church were founded by the French government. The name of these stairs comes from nearby Spanish embassy.
Undoubtedly , stairs are great tourist attraction. Every year fashion shows, flowers shows take place as well as nativity scene is located in winter time.

Others known in Europe are:

  • Stairs coming from from 4th century B.C. leading  to the Persepolis Palace.
  • Mannerist stairs in vestibule of Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana (The Laurentian Library) designed by Michelangelo
  • Baroque stairs Scala Regia ( Royal Staircase) in Vatican City designed by Bernini
  • Classicizing stairs in Caserta Palace near Naples designed by Vanvitelli
  • Monumental stairs in Odessa from 19th century used as a scenography in Battleship Potemkin.